Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is the International Registration Plan (IRP) and what are the requirements?

What is International Registration Plan (IRP)

Answer:  The International Registration Plan is a registration reciprocity agreement among states of the United States, the District of Columbia and provinces of Canada providing for payment of license fees on the basis of fleet distance operated in various jurisdictions. See the Plan 


Who is required to register under the IRP?

Answer:  According to the Plan under section 204, all apportionable vehicles, which means any vehicle except for recreational vehicles, vehicles displaying restricted plates, city pick up and delivery vehicles, buses used in transportation of chartered parties, and government-owned vehicles, used or intended for use in two or more member jurisdictions that allocate or proportionally register vehicles and is used for the transportation of persons for hire or designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property and:...

  1. is a power unit having two axles and a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 pounds or 11,793.401 kilograms; or
  2. is a power unit having three or more axles, regardless of weight; or
  3. is used in combination, when the weight of such combination exceeds 26,000 pounds or 11,793.401 kilograms gross vehicle weight.

Trucks and truck tractors, and combinations of vehicles having a gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or 11,793.401 kilograms or less and buses used in transportation of chartered parties may be proportionally registered at the option of the registrant.

Further information regarding the IRP can be obtained from the IRP, Inc., website at www.irponline.org, or call the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services IRP Customer Service line at (850) 617-3711.  You may also access the IRP TRUCKING MANUAL (Form HSMV 85500) at www.flhsmv.gov.

For more information see www.flhsmv.gov/dmv/faqcarriers.html

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How do I register under the International Registration Plan?

How do I register under the International Registration Plan?

Answer:  Complete an IRP, FLORIDA APPLICATION, SCHEDULE A & B (Form HSMV 85900).  Step by step instructions can be obtained in the booklet INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION PLAN APPLICATION AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION, (Form HSMV 85901).  If you need further assistance regarding registration, please contact the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services Customer Service line at (850) 617-3711. 

For more information see www.flhsmv.gov/dmv/faqcarriers.html

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Are motor carriers that transport passengers required to be apportioned under the International Registration Plan?

Are motor carriers that transport passengers required to be apportioned under the International Registration Plan?

Answer:  Commercial businesses that provide passenger transportation to the general public, as “for-hire” carriers are required to apportion. Charter operations are exempt from this requirement.

 

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What is the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) and what are the requirements?

What is the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) and what are the requirements?

Answer:  The International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an agreement among states to report fuel taxes by interstate motor carriers. To register, you must:

  • have an established place of business in Florida from which motor carrier operations are performed,
  • mileage must be accrued in Florida,
  • your operating records of the fleet must be maintained or can be made available in Florida, and
  • you must operate in at least one other IFTA jurisdiction.

Under the IFTA, you are issued an IFTA license and one set of Florida IFTA decals for your truck, which will allow you to operate in all other IFTA jurisdictions without buying additional decals from those jurisdictions.  A copy of the IFTA license may be used in your truck instead of the original license.

Further information regarding IFTA can be obtained by calling the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services Customer Service line at (850) 617-3711.  You may also access the IFTA TRUCKING MANUAL (Form HSMV 85920) at www.flhsmv.gov.

For more information see www.flhsmv.gov/dmv/faqcarriers.html

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How do I register under the International Fuel Tax Agreement Plan?

How do I register under the International Fuel Tax Agreement Plan?

Answer:  Complete an APPLICATION FOR INTERNATIONAL FUEL TAX AGREEMENT (Form HSMV 85008).  Once you register with IFTA, a quarterly tax return must be filed even if the licensee does not operate or purchase fuel in any IFTA jurisdiction in any particular quarter.

For more information see www.flhsmv.gov/dmv/faqcarriers.html

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What is the process for obtaining federal and state DOT numbers?

What is the process for obtaining federal and state DOT numbers?

Answer:  The Florida Department of Transportation, Office Motor Carrier Compliance (OMCC), and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), have implemented a Motor Carrier Registration Program for Interstate and Intrastate motor carriers. By law, your company is required to obtain a USDOT number and display it on all your commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). Once you receive the DOT number, it must be affixed on both sides of the power unit, in a color contrasting with the background of the vehicle, and the numbers must be large enough to be legible from fifty feet from the vehicle.

For more information see http://www.flhsmv.gov/fhp/OMCC/USDOTNumber.htm

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How do I get an overweight/over-dimensional permit?

How do I get an overweight/over-dimensional permit?

Answer:  The Florida Department of Transportation (DOT), in an effort to streamline the permitting process, is offering this web-based permit application system for overweight/over-dimensional permits. This system allows you to submit your request for overweight/over-dimensional permits over the Internet. Once your permit application is submitted over the Internet, the application will be reviewed by the State Permits Office for compliance with Chapter 14-26, Florida Administrative Code. Payment for the permit can be made by credit card, check or a pre-paid ARI account. Those applications receiving approval for permit will be issued a permit by the Florida Department of Transportation State Permits Office. Trip permits can be faxed directly to the permit applicant if requested, or sent by U.S. Mail. Annual permits will be sent by U.S. Mail.

For more information see http://www.fdotmaint.com/PermitNew/home.asp

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What are the requirements for moving Hazardous Materials?

What are the requirements for moving Hazardous Materials?

Answer:  Call the Florida Motor Carrier Compliance Office at 850-488-7920 for complete information.

For more information see http://www.flhsmv.gov/hazmat/app.html

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Is Florida a "Port of Entry" state?

Is Florida a "Port of Entry" state?

Answer:  Florida is NOT a port of entry state.  All applicable permits and credentials must be obtained prior to entering the State and must be carried in the vehicle.  If you do not have the necessary permits and credentials upon entering Florida and attempt to purchase them at the first weigh station, by law you will be cited for not having the necessary credentials to operate within the State of Florida and then be given the opportunity to purchase them.  Make sure you have the necessary permits and credentials BEFORE you enter Florida!  Call the 'Florida Trucking Info Line' at 850-414-4700 and select Option 2 for information on Oversize, Overweight or Over-dimensional permits.

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What is the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT) and am I supposed to pay it?

What is the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT) and am I supposed to pay it?

Answer:  Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT) - Proof of payment of HVUT is required for commercial registration of trucks weighing 55,000 pounds or more.  This is an annual tax paid to the Internal Revenue Service.

See Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Return - Form 2290,  and Instructions for Completing Form 2290.

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What type vehicle is considered to be a bus?

What type vehicle is considered to be a bus?

Answer:  Florida statute 316.003 (3) defines a bus as any motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten passengers and used for the transportation of persons in commerce.

For more information see Florida Statutes @ http://www.leg.state.fl.us/

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What is commerce?

What is commerce?

Answer:  As defined in Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, commerce is “The exchange of goods, productions, or property of any kind; the buying, selling, and exchanging of articles. The transportation of persons and property by land, water and air.”

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What are the safety requirements for bus and motor coach operations?

What are the safety requirements for bus and motor coach operations?

Answer:  Florida statute 316.70 adopts the following federal regulations in their entirety for passenger carrying operations. All of CFR parts 382, 385, and 390-397 are applicable. Additionally carriers are required to carry insurance as required by law for their vehicles and their passenger’s checked luggage.

For more information see Florida Statutes @ http://www.leg.state.fl.us/

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What are private motor carriers of passengers [PMCPs]?

What are private motor carriers of passengers [PMCPs]?

Answer:  Private motor carriers of passengers [PMCPs] are categorized as either business or non-business.

Business PMCPs provide private, intrastate/interstate transportation of passengers in the furtherance of a commercial purpose. For example, buses and coaches used to provide transportation for their own employees, and professional musicians who use buses and coaches for concert tours. Commercial businesses that provide passenger transportation to the general public, as “for-hire” carriers are not business PMCPs and are required to comply with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations in their entirety.

Non-business PMCPs provide private, intrastate/interstate transportation of passengers not in the furtherance of a commercial purpose. Examples are buses and coaches used by churches, scout groups, and other charitable organizations. Non-business PMCPs that provide charter passenger transportation to the general public, with the intent to make a profit are not non-business PMCPs and are considered as “for-hire” carriers. Thus compliance with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations in their entirety is required.

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What requirements are applicable to PMCPs?

What requirements are applicable to PMCPs?

Answer: 

Statute

Topic

Business

Non-business

F.S. Chp. 322

CFR Part 383

Commercial Driver Licensing

Yes

Yes

F.S.  Chp. 627

CFR Part 387

Financial Responsibility

Yes

Yes

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 390

General Requirements

Yes

Yes*

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 391

Qualification of Drivers

Yes*

Yes*

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 392

Driving of Motor Vehicles

Yes

Yes

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 393

Parts and Accessories

Yes**

Yes**

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 395

Hours of Service

Yes

Yes*

F.S. Chp 316

CFR Part 396

Inspection, Repair, and

Maintenance

Yes

Yes*

 * Non-business PMCPs are exempt from all recordkeeping requirements of Parts 390, 395, and 396. Both groups are exempt from certain sections of Part 391 (see 391.68 and 391.69).

** PMCPs are exempt from the fuel system requirements of Part 393.67, provided the vehicle fuel system is maintained to the original manufacturer’s standard.

No drug testing exemptions exist for PMCP drivers required by F.S. 322 and CFR 383 to have a CDL.

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What about PMCP requirements and school buses?

What about PMCP requirements and school buses?

Answer:  The transportation of preprimary, primary and secondary school children from home to school and from school to home, or any transportation performed by a governmental agency, such as a public school district, is not subject to the FMCSRs.

However, transportation of students by a private school that owns or leases a bus for an extracurricular activity, such as an out-of-state field trip, is subject to the FMCSRs and is classified as non-business private transportation of passengers.

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What is Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO)?

What is Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO)?

Answer:  The commercial operations involved with the movement of freight and passengers - the trucking and motorcoach industries and their regulation.

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